Tram Mountain is famous for not only its ink painting-like scenery, but also a lot of relics and pagodas which have great spiritual significance and historical and cultural values

Tram Mountain in Phung Chau Commune, Chuong My District, Hanoi has another name, Ngu Nhac Son, which originates from a legend. It is believed that the mountain was formerly a white pearl from heaven. When the pearl fell to earth near the Day River, it turned into five phoenixes which are today five mountain peaks. The name of the mountains was then changed into Tu Tram Son.

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Doai area’s countryside with paddy fields seen from Tram mountrain Photo: Khanh Long/VNP

It takes only 10 minutes to get halfway up the mountain where there is flat ground for tourists to have a panoramic view of five white peaks. Here, there are different paths leading to these peaks.
Tram Mountain is known as a spiritual destination with three ancient pagodas, including Tram, Hang and Vo Vi which are small but very sacred. Vo Vi, built in the 16th century with a total area of nearly 10m2, is the most well known. Most of the area of the pagoda is designed for worshipping Buddha. There is also a pavilion, called Nghenh Phong, where visitors can enjoy fresh winds and behold the romantic landscape formed by a river peacefully winding through rice paddies and the rural countryside.

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An ancient poem praising the beauty of Tram Mountain is carved on a stone turtle’s shell Photo:Khanh Long/VNP

Right at the foot of Tram Mountain stands a 3m high entrance that leads to Hang (Cave) Pagoda where many stone Buddha statues are worshiped. Here, there are also various stalactites in different shapes and sizes, creating majestic scenery. Besides stone drums and statues from the Le Dynasty, the pagoda still preserves 15 ancient poems and literature works of great value on its stone walls.


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